Left untreated, gingivitis can progress into a more malignant condition known as periodontitis. It is a gum disease that leads to the loosening of teeth resulting from the destruction of both bone and tissue surrounding said teeth.
Destruction of tissue and bone is a result of the toxins that are released by the bacteria once they have reached below the gum line. The toxins ruin the connective tissue and bone that supports the teeth. The tooth loosens, and then falls out.
In a nutshell, periodontitis results in the destruction of the tooth's support structure. There are several ways to treat periodontitis. Here are some of the methods and stages of periodontitis treatment.
The Initial Stage
The first stage of treatment involves the removal of tartar and plaque to restore the gum's health. The dentist or oral hygienist will use a procedure known as debridement or scaling. An ultrasonic device might be used in some cases.
Using Prescription Mouthrinse
There are two kinds of mouthwash. The first kind is the one that can be bought off the shelves. These are used for everyday oral hygiene, and then there is the kind that is prescribed by dentists.
Dentists can sometimes prescribe a special antimicrobial mouthwash to treat gum disease. It is used like regular mouthwash.
These are small miniscule particles that are released into the pockets of periodontitis. These are used to control the bacteria population, as well as shrink the pockets produced by periodontitis. This form of treatment involves putting the medication directly into the pockets.
This is basically similar to antibiotic microspheres. The main difference is that this comes in the form of a gel. It is applied in the same area as antibiotic microspheres. Like antibiotic microspheres, antibiotic gels are another form of slow release medication.
Flap surgery is a form of surgery where the dentist removes calculus within the deep pockets, as well as reducing the pocket size. Reduction of pocket size makes it simpler to clean the gums.
The surgery involves pulling the gums back to remove the tartar. After cleaning, the gums are sutured back into position so their fit is closer to the teeth. The surgery has the side effect of making the teeth look longer.
Bone and Tissue Graft
The process involves introducing artificial tissue or bone into the gums. The insertion allows the damaged bone and tissue to heal quicker as they promote regeneration.
It is important to take note that the patient should take proper care of their teeth. Treatment is nothing if not complimented with good care and oral hygiene. Proper care, such as brushing the teeth twice a day, flossing, and etc. is essential for those who want their treatments to work.
Periodontitis is a chronic disease. To put it simply, periodontitis will require a lifetime worth of proper maintenance of teeth and gums, as well as frequent visits to the dentist.